Diwali is famous not only in India but all over the world as a historical festival of Hinduism. Diwali is also known as the festival of lights.
Primarily We consider Diwali as a symbol of victory of truth over an evil. But according to mythology, Diwali is celebrated because of some historical events. Let’s see why do we celebrate Diwali ?
1) Origin of Goddess Lakshmi
According to the Puranas, Goddess Lakshmi appeared from the ocean of milk (क्षीरसागर) during the churning of the sea (समुद्र-मंथन). This was happened on the sacred day of the new moon in Kartik month.
That is why on the holy day of Lakshmi Puja, we welcome & worship Goddess Lakshmi with love.
The marriage ceremony of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi was also held on the day of Lakshmi Puja.
According to the Puranas, the origin of Goddess Lakshmi was so glorious that even on this auspicious day, Goddess Lakshmi is welcomed with rangoli and earthen lamps at the door.
2) Lord Vishnu became the Gatekeeper
On this auspicious day of Diwali, Lord Vishnu incarnated on earth in the form of his fifth incarnation, Vamana (वामन).
Maharaj Bali (बली), the grandson of Bhakt Prahlada (भक्त प्रल्हाद), the king of demons and a devotee, was known for his kindness and democratic rule.
Lord Vishnu decided to become the gatekeeper of this kingdom to protect the kingdom of such popular democratic ruler. They defended the kingdom day and night for three days.
Lamps were lit all over the state to remember these holy days. This festival was later renamed as Deepak-Malika.
3) Historical event of Ram-Aagman
According to the Ramayana, Lord Rama defeated Ravana’s demonic army in the battle of Ramayana and after 14 years of exile, Shri Rama, Goddess Sita and Laxman returned to Ayodhya on the holy day of Kartik Maas Amavasya.
On this special day, the people got excited to welcome Rama in Ayodhya and their king Shri Ramchandra was welcomed by lighting lamps all over the state.
The entire city of Ayodhya was ablaze with light of prosperity and happiness. So even today, with the lighting of oil lamps on Diwali, this holy day is celebrated as a symbol of victory over evil spirits and liberation from darkness. Even today, Diwali is celebrated all over India in honor of Lord Rama’s victory.
4) Slaughter of Narakasura
According to mythology, Narkasur (नरकासुर) was the king of Pragya-jyoti-satpura (प्रज्ञाज्योतीसत्पुरा-a province to the south of Nepal). He were very powerful and demonic and he had imprisoned 16000 women including some of Indra’s deities.
These evil deeds of Narakasura fell on the ears of King Krishna. So Lord Krishna along with his wife Devi Satyabhama killed Narakasura during the holy month of Kartik Maas.
Lord Krishna freed 16000 women including the deities of Indra. These days were celebrated with enthusiasm all over the state. From this was born the celebration of Diwali – the victory of truth over iniquity.
5) The return of the Pandavas
According to the Mahabharata, the Pandavas (five sons of Maharaj Pandu) had to accept defeat at the hands of the Kauravas (hundred sons of Maharaj Dhrutrashtra) in the game of dice and were sent into exile (वनवास) as punishment.
It is said that the Pandavas and Draupadi returned to Hastinapur after completing their twelve years of exile and one year of hiding-exile (अज्ञातवास) on the new moon of Kartik maas. This happy moment was celebrated by the towns people with lights in the state.
6) Coronation of King Vikramaditya
According to the Vikram Savant chronology, the Chakravarti Samrat Vikramaditya (विक्रमादित्य) was the king of Ujjain 2288 years ago, with whom the stories of Vikram-Betal (विक्रम-बेताल) and Simhasana Battisi (सिंहासन बत्तीसी) are associated.
King Vikramaditya was famous all over India as a popular democratic king.
King Vikramaditya was crowned on the auspicious day of Kartik Maas, the new moon. This moment of joy is celebrated with the same fervor as a historic event all over India.
7) Maharshi Dayanand Nirvana Festival
Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, an Indian philosopher, the founder of the Arya Samaj (आर्य समाज) and the initiator of the Vedic reform movement, passed away on the day of the Kartik Maas.
Maharshi Dayanand Nirvana Festival is celebrated in his memory during the holy period of Diwali.
8) Conclusion by Atman
Diwali is a festival celebrated not as a Hindu but as an Indian. Perhaps the joy that comes after the victory of truth is the joy that makes the mind happy during the holy period of Diwali. The whole atmosphere is full of excitement.
Lighting the door on Diwali is considered a symbol of victory of Dharma over Adharma. Everyone greets each other and meets with love.
The atmosphere is naturally bright and cheerful. People of different castes and religions come together and celebrate this holy day in different ways.
Diwali is also considered a symbol of a new beginning. Putting aside all your inner sorrows, bad thoughts and darkness is considered as an auspicious time to start a new journey with loving light.
A person has the opportunity to change their way of life and travel to become a better person. Diwali is a day to dispel doubts and bring light into one’s life and contribute to the happiness of others.
If we think of the various rituals and festivals of Hinduism, it is obvious that Hinduism is a way of life that thinks of social and mental peace. Perhaps this Dipotsav of Diwali should also be a successful attempt to bring happiness in human life which is still able to create a festive atmosphere hundreds of years later.
So let’s start a new journey in the form of Diwali. Be the cause of happiness in one’s life. Let’s fulfill the aim of Hinduism. Let’s face the Ravan-like darkness in the dim light of the lamps.
Thank You !
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